Ever watched a group of birds sitting on the boundaries of your house and munching on rice grains or bajra grains? If yes, then my friend you’re one of those fortunate ones who saw those little beauties called sparrows ( if you are an Indian you Would relate more to the word Gauraiya) . Now a lot of people would get into nostalgia that how the house used to echo with chirps of these little birds. And then, you would realise that where are they now? Why don’t we see them now? It is because we became the reason behind their declining numbers.
Sparrows belong from the Passeridae family. One of the smallest members of the Aves class, sparrows can fly upto a speed of 46 km/hr. They are found mainly in Africa, Europe and Asia. There are mainly 5 types of sparrows in India. But alas! None of them are seen now in common parts of India. To see a sparrow now, you need to move towards North West sub continent of India and North East India.
TYPE 1: House Sparrow ( passer domesticus ) males of these type have darker heads and greyish crown whereas females are muddy colored. Males are stout whereas females are slender and tall. Found in Indian subcontinent and north east India
TYPE 2 : Spanish Sparrows ( passer hispaniolensis) males have brownish crown with black chest. Females are taller than males and have fine white strokes on the belly region. They are seen in India mainly in winters. And are seen in Nepal and Pakistan also.
TYPE 3 : Sind Sparrows (passer pyrrhonotus) males have brown crown and black mark on the throat whereas the females have greyish markings on body and also have clear white belly. Found in North West India. These are the smallest sparrows.
TYPE 4 : Russet Sparrow (passer rutilans) males have no such black markings but have yellowish color in belly region whereas females are more prominent in color and have dark strokes and yellowish color in belly region.
TYPE 5 : Eurasian Tree Sparrow (passer montanus) males and females have similar appearance and are found in Eastern ghats and in North East India.
REASONS BEHIND FAST DISAPPEARING SPARROWS :
- Felling of trees
- Lack of nesting places : sparrows build nest in cavities of buildings and since the new glass buildings have no such crevices the nesting becomes a challenge for sparrows.
- Trees like Mehndi and Adulsa And are home for sparrows and now these trees are getting vanished everyday.
- Sparrows take water and dust bath and now in cities the dust bath is not really a possible activity.
- The extensive usage of chemicals in agriculture is ruining food of sparrows and also becomes one of the major reason for death of sparrows.
- The radiation from cell phones damages the nervous system of sparrows.
- In India people believe that consuming the male sparrows will enhance their sexual power
WHAT CAN WE DO?
We can make a small nest box at our terrace so that birds would come and sit under them and could lay there eggs. If not a nest box, we should try and keep bowls of rice grains and water for the birds to feed on. We can stop the hunting of these birds by spreading awareness.
Since 2010 March 20th is celebrated as world sparrows day. Also, according to IUCN red list, every year approximately 1315 sparrows are rising and now North Eastern lands are experiencing a lot of sparrows since 2018.
Thank you for taking out time to read the blog. Hope I was able to give you information about the beautiful bird. Do like and comment if this blog was helpful to you. Let’s stand for the wild together.